BEIJING: Chinese President Xi Jinping signed the decree after the Standing Committee of China’s 13th National People’s Congress (NPC), China’s top legislative body, unanimously voted to pass the law.
The bill came in the wake of months of protests and what China calls “anti-national” activities last year in the semi-autonomous territory.
The legislation would make it a crime to undermine Beijing’s authority in Hong Kong.
Hong Kong, which has been under Chinese sovereignty since 1997, witnessed large protests last year against a move to legalize extradition of accused people to mainland China.
Ahead of final approval of the law, the US has vowed to eliminate policy exemptions for Hong Kong, including export controls on dual-use technologies.
The new law — with six chapters and 66 articles — will criminalize four types of acts and will penalize those involved.
“The crimes of secession, subversion of state power, terrorist activities, and collusion with foreign or external forces to endanger national security” are the four crimes included in the new security law.